The personality of Donald Trump


Why Tritype® is nonsense

Tritype® is a registered trademark in the US, held by Katherine Fauvre. It appears that Katherine Fauvre is leveraging her trademark to dissuade her critics, including me. Regrettably, she seems to misrepresent the scope of her rights under the Tritype® trademark. Trademarks do not restrict critics from evaluating the products or services sold under the protected name.

In this article, I articulate why Tritype® is nonsensical. If you’ve never encountered Tritype®, you’re probably better off. However, if you have come across Tritype®, here’s why it might be best to disregard it.

Tritype® contradicts the Enneagram

The Enneagram is a system of personality typing. Defined within the realm of psychology, personality refers to an individual’s unique and enduring pattern of thoughts, feelings, and behaviors that set them apart from others. It’s a blend of traits, characteristics, and behaviors that shape how a person interacts with the world, perceives their environment, and manages their emotions. Influenced by biological, genetic, environmental, and cognitive factors, personality remains largely stable throughout a person’s life.

What sets the Enneagram apart is its exceptional ability to clarify the unique factors that differentiate one person from another. It achieves this by delineating nine distinct sets of traits, characteristics, and behaviors. Further, the Enneagram offers dynamic descriptions of these sets, demonstrating how different traits can emerge based on changing circumstances, aligning with modern psychological understandings that personality does not fit into distinct categories.

The Enneagram’s types are non-categorical. Each type has two subtypes that slightly modify the basic set of traits, characteristics, and behaviors. Additionally, each type exhibits particular traits that surface during periods of stress, and different traits that emerge during relaxation.

Perhaps the greatest strength of the Enneagram is its ability to illuminate the distinct differences between people of different types. It serves as a powerful tool for distinguishing among individuals with varying personalities. This is particularly true given the Enneagram’s typing approach, which is predicated more on the process of elimination than identification. When determining someone’s Enneagram type, one observes behaviors that are so foreign to their own experience that they cannot imagine themselves ever acting in such a way. Once such behavior is identified, that associated type can be discarded. After eliminating eight types, the remaining type is deemed to be the individual’s Enneagram type.

  1. Tritype® makes it harder to differentiate between people

Tritype® fundamentally contradicts the core principle of the Enneagram: to differentiate individuals based on their distinct personality type. The concept of Tritype® posits that an individual does not possess a single type, but rather three, tripling the set of traits, characteristics, and behaviors. This drastically complicates the process of elimination, a cornerstone of the Enneagram method for determining types, essentially sabotaging it.

  1. Tritype® contradicts the Enneagram in relation to stress behavior

Further complicating matters, Tritype® theory suggests that the behaviors associated with stress, which according to the Enneagram are consistently negative, could be construed as positive. According to the Enneagram, these stress behaviors, despite occasionally serving certain goals, are generally unfavorable. This stands in contrast to the behaviors tied to one’s Enneagram type, which can be either positive or negative depending on the situation. However, in Tritype® theory, a combination of types can include one type’s stress behaviors, suggesting that positive stress behaviors are possible. This idea contradicts not only personal experiences of many individuals but also the fundamental principles of the Enneagram.

  1. Tritype® contradicts the Enneagram in relation to unconnected types

Further still, Tritype® theory complicates the concept of unconnected Enneagram types. For each Enneagram type, there are four other types whose behaviors are unlikely to be exhibited in a person’s behaviors. While some Tritypes may uphold this idea, most do not, making Tritype® theory further divergent from the principles of the Enneagram.

  1. Tritype® is either categorical and static or involves even more types than three

If the Tritype® model includes two subtypes for each type, as well as the stress and relaxation behaviors of other types, then the number of potential personality components it captures significantly exceeds just three. Indeed, it’s challenging to comprehend why this approach doesn’t encompass all nine types, which would eliminate any basis for distinguishing between individuals.

If the Tritype® model aims to avoid this uncontrolled expansion to include many, if not all, Enneagram types for a single Tritype, it becomes static and categorical. This not only contradicts the dynamic inherent in the Enneagram system but also eliminates two of its most valuable attributes.

  1. Why stop at three types?

Dutch Enneagram author Willem Jan van de Wetering developed a system wherein all nine types exist at various levels of spiritual significance. In his view, understanding the Enneagram is merely about organizing the nine types in the correct order. His system assigns a nine-digit code representing all nine Enneagram types to every individual, with the task being simply to find your number. This approach, while seemingly as nonsensical as the Tritype® model, presents a conundrum for Tritype®: Tritype® struggles to justify why one should limit themselves to just three types instead of considering more.

In conclusion, while one can utilize either the Enneagram or Tritype®, the two systems cannot be employed concurrently due to their contradictory nature. Tritype® fundamentally opposes several core concepts of the Enneagram system.

Tritype® is unscientific

To clarify: while the Enneagram is not recognized as scientific, Tritype® can be characterized as unscientific. The distinction between these terms is crucial. “Not scientific” implies a lack of scientific research or a theoretical framework, as is the case with the Enneagram. Conversely, “unscientific” signifies that the subject either has been researched and proven false, or it contradicts established scientific theory, as is the case with Tritype®.

  1. Tritype® contradicts the Circumplex Model of Personality

The Circumplex Model of Personality (CPM) helps illustrate this point. According to the CPM, personality scores from the Big Five—the most widely accepted scientific description of personality—fall into eight different groups out of a potential thirty-two. In the Big Five framework, individuals can score high or low on five distinct traits, theoretically leading to thirty-two different combinations. Yet, only eight combinations are typically observed in practice. 

The Enneagram’s nine types align well with these eight groups, but Tritype® contradicts them. Tritype® theory assumes combinations of Big Five traits that are not observed in reality. Therefore, by contradicting the findings of the CPM, Tritype® is unscientific.

If you want a version of the Enneagram that is scientifically grounded, go for the Neurogram® model.


Tritype®, being both in opposition to the principles of the Enneagram and inconsistent with established scientific theory, is fundamentally flawed. However, it’s understandable why it may appeal to some individuals. Given that the Enneagram itself is not scientifically validated, there are bound to be many interpretations and applications that may veer into conjecture, potentially leading to frequent mistyping. A theory like Tritype® that appears to encompass a wider range of possibilities can seem attractive, particularly to those who have been misidentified.

Moreover, one of the Enneagram types is marked by a strong ability to empathize, or to put oneself in another person’s shoes. This means that individuals of this type may see reflections of themselves in nearly every description, making it challenging for them to accept that they differ significantly from the other eight types. For them, adopting Tritype® may feel more inclusive and thus more appealing.

Finally, it’s worth noting that many people are drawn to ideas that lack empirical support, such as astrology. Those who are willing to embrace the uncertainties of astrology may similarly be more inclined to accept the nebulous concepts of Tritype®.

Tritype either does away with the Enneagram sign and the lines in the Enneagram sign or it involves all nine types making it an even bigger mess.


Determining brain types with the Neurogram® Consultant tool

As you can see, you enter six different data points per brain type. These data points are:

  1. The person’s first initial estimate to determine how much he or she already knows about his or her brain type.
  2. The number of questions the person got right out of the five questions per brain type.
  3. The number of behaviors that the person recognizes based upon the group (doers, thinkers, or image) that brain type falls into. 
  4. How well he or she recognizes his or her stress and relaxation responses.
  5. How well he or she recognizes his or her deadly sin and cardinal virtue behavior.
  6. A free data field to zoom in 1-on-1 for those people whose brain type is not so easy to determine.

    The chance of the relationship based on the brain types

    The following variables determine the chance of success of a relationship and which partner gets the most out of the relationship:

    1. The type of relationship (romantic, private or business) .
    2. The brain types of both partners.
    3. The extent to which they are stressed, relaxed, or neither stressed nor relaxed.
    4. The extent to which they structurally achieve their goals or not.
    5. Whether they are familiar with ABC-NLP, NLP or neither.
    6. Whether they are familiar with their brain types or not aware of them.

    Group and team dynamics

    Based on the brain types of the team or family members, the dynamics are determined for how they interact with each other in times of stress, relaxation, when there is neither stress nor relaxation (the neutral situation) and in their current situation. All the Neurogram® consultant inputs are the brain types and the degree to which each individual is stressed, relaxed or neither stressed nor relaxed.

    In addition to the above dynamics for the Big Two, the Neurogram® Consultant tool also shows similar dynamics for the Big Five, the Big Ten, Panksepp’s basic negative emotions (Fear, Anger, Sadness), Panksepp’s basic positive emotions (Care, Lust, Seeking & Play) and how the team deals with problems.

    This tool is only available to Neurogram® consultants. To become a Neurogram® consultant, you must first follow the online Neurogram video course and participate in three different Zoom sessions where you learn how to use this fabulous tool. When you purchase the Neurogram® Consultant tool, you get the following:

    • Your own version of the Neurogram® Consultant tool. You get a lifetime license to use it. This means that you will receive all new versions for free in the future, even as soon as an app and/or a web application is developed.
    • Three Zooom sessions with Joost van der Leij to learn how to use the Neurogram® model for brain types even better and also learn how to use the tool exactly. These three Zoom sessions are concluded with an assignment in which you find out someone’s brain type and make a report on it.
    • A quarterly subscription to NLPflix so you can go through all Neurogram® training videos.
    • All necessary documentation including the English translation of The Neurogram® Handbook.
    • A license as a Neurogram® consultant so that you can also present yourself as a Neurogram® consultant in your marketing.

    You can order the Neurogram® Consultant tool using the form below. You will receive your own spreadsheet immediately. Your investment is used to further develop the software. As soon as enough consultants participate, an app and/or a web application will be developed. So join us and order the Neurogram® Consultant tool today by filling out the form below:


    Discover your type

    When you want to discover your type there is no-one better suited to help you out than VU-university certified IBM trainer/coach & Licensed NLP Master Trainer™ Joost van der Leij. For he has been helping people discover their type since 1997! Although he can’t assure absolute certainty in finding your type, you get a 100% refund if you are not 99% certain that you have discovered the right type! That is an ironclad guarantee.

    What type are we talking about?

    Joost van der Leij was first introduced to the Enneagram in 1997 through the narrative tradition. Ever since he has been working with the Enneagram and studying its wide applications. In 2000 he did a large project for the Dutch government to link the Enneagram to personality disorders. Then in 2008 he created the Neurogram®. The Neurogram® is the neurological version of the Enneagram. At that time neuroscience was discovering Personality Neuroscience. Personality Neuroscience demonstrated that people with the same Big Five test results also had similar brain structures.

    Given that the basic premise of the Big Five personality theory is that you can reduce all personality traits to the Big Five personality traits, Joost van der Leij did exactly that for the Enneagram. In 2015 Cybernetic Big Five Theory (CB5T) was developed as a theoretical framework for the Big Five. The Neurogram® model has taken the Enneagram as its inspiration to develop a dynamic version of CB5T. The Neurogram® research shows that if you look dynamically to CB5T the nine behavioral patterns of the Enneagram emerge. So whether you want to find out about your Enneagram type, Neurogram® type or brain type, the best option is to work 1-on-1 with Joost van der Leij.

    Joost van der Leij has helped thousands of people to discover their type. He has developed a computer model to determine people’s type. This model has been validated with research (n=393) to determine people’s type 94.7% of the time. In longitudinal studies it was established that once people found their type they stick with it for the rest of their lives. Yet, when Joost van der Leij works 1-on-1 with people his success rate in helping them find their type is 99%.

    How does it work?

    When you want to determine your type, you book through the online booking system below. Once you have booked your time slot, you get a confirmation email, a Zoom link and Paypal invoice. 

    The session itself has three parts:

    1. The interview. Joost van der Leij interviews you personally and studies not only your answers but more importantly the way you answer.
    2. Explanation of your type. After having determined which type fits your answers and behaviors best, you get an explanation of the most important behavioral patterns of your type in terms of emotions, cognition and motivation. Furthermore, your dynamic CB5T evolutionary behavioral patterns are explained as well as your stress behavior and relaxation responses using the charts below. Most importantly, you learn of your major undesired behavior and how to stop that behavior and replace it with your most desired behavior.
    3. Evaluation. Once your type has been explained you discuss whether there are any doubts left to make sure that you have a 99% certainty that you have discovered your correct type. Otherwise you get a 100% refund.

    To book your 1-on-1 session with Joost van der Leij use the online booking form below:

    See Online Booking Page

    Finally, for those who like or even love football (soccer in the US), Joost van der Leij works with pro clubs and player agents to determine the brain types of players:

    Just wanna let you know about my first meeting with the player yesterday.
    Spend 2 hours talking about #3 successful worker.
    He was blown away and could definitely see himself in the things I presented and pointed out.

    It was fantastic to have something that concret to talk to a new player about, and it made our relationship strong from the beginning.
    I have a very, very good feeling about the player and the things we have decided to work with in the future.

    Soon i´ll set up a meeting with the next player.
    I have a very strong relationship with him already, and I look forward to knowing about his brain type 🙂

    See you soon!

    Best from Denmark
    René Lundgaard
    Footballers Collective

    For all the information regarding brain types and pro football, please go to Football Behavior Management


    ABC-NLP Practitioner international edition

    This is the international edition of the ABC-NLP Practitioner online. To be clear: the most important part of NLP training is that an excellent trainer like Licensed NLP Master Trainer Joost van der Leij is able to train your unconciousness to do almost all NLP skills automatically. Please, contact us if you got a group of 10 people who want to be trained live by Licensed NLP Master Trainer Joost van der Leij. Training can be in the wonderful city of Amsterdam, or in a great place near you.

    Lesson 1: What is ABC-NLP? And the most important NLP technique, Spinning Feelings, explained & demonstrated

    Lesson 2: How ABC-NLP shows that all the core elements of NLP are connected and interrelated

    Lesson 3: How to overcome adversity and take away worries about the future using visualization exercises

    Lesson 4: How to stop negative inner self talk

    Lesson 5: How to make great decisions by using NLP

    Lesson 6: Get a better self image and more self love with the NLP Swish technique

    Lesson 7: Your thirty year plan, the NLP technique using time lines

    Two modes of communication. Advanced ABC-NLP on the deep structure and surface structure

    Lesson 9: The metamodel of communication of NLP, part one

    Lesson 10: The metamodel of communication of NLP, part two

    Lesson 11: The Milton model of NLP. Indirect language patterns including the all important embedded command

    Lesson 12: The Milton model of NLP. Ambiguities, Metaphor and the inverse metamodel

    Lesson 13: How to use the presuppositions of the Milton model of NLP to force truth onto others

    Lesson 14: Hypnosis! The easiest way to hypnotize almost anyone with NLP as an application of hypnosis

    Lesson 15: How NLP submodalities explain how your brain works and how your brain codes meaning and information

    Lesson 16: NLP strategies, feedback & TOTE model

    Lesson 17: NLP anchoring, online and offline


    Motivation, brain types and the ABC-model

    People often talk about intrinsic motivation, but neuroscience hasn’t found intrinsic motivation inside the brain. Instead they have found something called instrumental learning. With instrumental learning our brain creates a probabilistic relationship between our actions and what our actions get us. In the future we do less of what gets us negative consequences and more of what gets us positive consequences. The latter makes it look as if a person has intrinsic motivation, yet can almost fully be explained by the positive consequences our behavior had in the past.

    Nevertheless motivating people through positive and negative consequences has often gone astray because the intervention lacks the necessary thoroughness. For instance, the most common mistake is called the perception error where the manager thinks he knows what is a positive consequence for another person rather than ask that person, and then in actuality gives that person a negative consequence instead. Rather than seeing his mistake, he then blames his failure to motivate the other person as a fault of working with consequences whereas in reality it has to do with the perception error.

    Working with consequences is called the ABC-model. In this model A stands for Antecedent which is everything that happens before the behavior or is necessary to make the behavior possible. B stands for Behavior, the desired or undesired behavior you are targeting. C stands for Consequence which is everything that happens after the behavior. There is overwhelming evidence that Consequences have a much, much bigger influence on our future behavior than Antecedents. Nevertheless, in most cases we continue to try to influence people through Antecedents rather than through Consequences.

    The only thing missing is brain types. In the same way that there are different body types, we also have different brain types. Your brain type determines your evolutionary behavioral patterns. These behavioral patterns determine:

    1. How you are motivated.
    2. How you deal with your emotions.
    3. How you learn.

    Brain types determine in a large part how the Dopamine reward system in your brain works. Therefore, if you know someone’s brain type you can predict with a high probability how you can reward him with positive consequences. Here is the list of positive consequences for each brain type:

    • Type #1, the Perfectionist can be rewarded with control.
    • Type #2, the Helper can be rewarded with love and attention.
    • Type #3, the Successful Worker can be rewarded with material rewards and hopeless projects where he has a small chance of becoming the project’s hero.
    • Type #4, the Romantic can be rewarded with justice served.
    • Type #5, the Analyst can be rewarded with autonomy, personal freedom and being left alone.
    • Type #6, the Loyalist can be rewarded with safety.
    • Type #7, the Hedonist can be rewarded with new things to do and variation.
    • Type #8, the Boss can be rewarded with power.
    • Type #9, the Mediator can be rewarded with harmony.

    For those people used to work with consequences but do not yet work with brain types, please note that the standard way of adding a negative consequence to undesired behavior by ignoring the person, i.e. giving the person a penalty by removing attention, doesn’t work with type #5, the Analyst.


    Podcast Increase Your Influence


    How To Influence Each Brain Type

    In the same way as our bodies differ, we also have a brain that differs. Yet it turns out that when you do brain scans, there are nine different categories of brain types. To bring about big positive changes in people, we use the learning capacity of the brain. However, how people learn, deal with their emotions and what motivates them all depends on what brain type someone has. You can only positively influence people most effectively if you take their brain type into account.

    Brain types explained for football clubs.

    For that reason, I will soon be giving ten webinars on the topic “How to influence each brain type”. The first webinar is a general introduction to what a brain type is. Then each subsequent webinar will be about one of the nine brain types so that you learn exactly the following for each brain type:

    • How to estimate which brain type someone has based on their appearance, behavior and the way they speak.
    • How to get confirmation that your initial guess is correct using casual test questions.
    • How you can best influence someone given their brain type.
    • How to use what motivates each brain type to make the lasting change.
    • How you can use the right emotions to convince people not only consciously, but especially unconsciously.

    The webinars will take place on the following dates:

    • Friday February 5th, 2021: Introduction of brain types.
    • Friday, February 19th, 2021: How to Influence Perfectionists.
    • Friday March 5th, 2021: How you influence Helpers.
    • Friday, March 19th, 2021: How to Affect Successful Workers.
    • Friday, April 2nd, 2021: How you influence Romantics.
    • Friday April 16th, 2021: How You Affect Analysts.
    • Friday, April 30th, 2021: How you influence Loyalists.
    • Friday, May 14th, 2021: How you influence bon vivants.
    • Friday May 28th, 2021: How you influence Bosses.
    • Friday June 11th, 2021: How you influence Mediators.

    If you miss once, there is no man overboard, because everything will also be on NLPflix. To make it easy, with this series of webinars you also get free access to NLPflix until July 1, 2021. Then you can see or catch up on everything, but you also have access to another five hour of training material to learn:

    • Discover your own brain type
    • The scientific foundation of brain types in Cybernetic Big Five Theory
    • Why NLP & Cybernetic Big Five Theory are both forms of cybernetics.

    You will immediately receive free access to NLPflix so that you view these videos immediately. 

    In summary, when you sign up for this series of webinars you will get:

    1. All ten webinars about influencing people by their brain types.
    2. Direct free access to NLPflix until July 1, 2021 (normally at least 50 euros).

    The fee for  the series of webinars and the NLPflx subscription is 97 euros inc 21% VAT. If you have a VAT registered company we can invoice the fee ex. VAT. The webinars will be given via Zoom. The webinars will start at 2 pm UK time and finish at 3pm UK time.

    For the webinars it is useful to know your own brain type. If you don’t know your own brain type yet, the information on NLPflix is usually more than enough to find your own brain type. If that is not so easy, after you have registered for this series of webinars, with a 50% discount, but without a second book, you can book a 1-on-1 session with me so that we discover together which brain type suits you. . 

    If you want to register, please fill in the form below. Then we will send you the invoice and as soon as it has been paid you are definitely registered, I will arrange access to NLPflix and we will send you the. In short, increase your own personal effectiveness and register immediately for this series of webinars so that you can start immediately on NLPflix.


    Webinar Evolutionary Learning

    Evolutionary learning is actually not the right name for the subject. Because evolution is too slow to bring about a change during your life. But that in no way means that evolution does not play a major role in our lives. Our brain is in fact formed by evolution. In both associative and instrumental learning , we assume that we learn from our environment. But both assume that we are born with a blank learning machine. Only nothing blanks arise from evolution. This means that there can be no question of a blank learning machine. Instead, our brain has already been formed by evolution.

    You can see this in our evolutionary behavioral patterns. Cybernetic Big Five Theory (CB5T) shows exactly how the biological structure of our brain influences our emotions, our motivation and our learning. Without knowledge of this structure, it becomes a lot more difficult to bring about major changes in people. When you know the CB5T structure, it becomes easier to influence someone because you know what motivates them, how they learn and how they deal with their emotions.

    So while you cannot influence the biological structure of your brain, knowledge of it is very important for influencing other people. With CB5T you are able to connect exactly to the way the other person experiences the world. Without this it means that you have to become the same as the other. CB5T shows that this is unwise because you try to behave in such a way that does not suit your brain. Instead, with CB5T you can understand why other people are different and how valuable it is that we differ from each other.

    That is why we will soon be organizing the free Webinar Evolutionary Learning about Cybernetic Big Five Theory. During this webinar you will learn:

    1. The four most common behavioral patterns of people.
    2. The Eight Evolutionary Behavioral Patterns of Cybernetic Big Five Theory.
    3. The nine different brain types this yields.

    In short, register for this webinar and learn how people put their brains together and how you can discover this based on their behavior. As said, participation is completely free. We only ask you to fill in the form below so that we know how many participants we can count on:


    Webinar Top 3 hypnotic language patterns

    We communicate because our brain learns words as associations. Associative or Pavlovian learning is one of the four ways the brain learns. If you want to make big changes, it is very important that you formulate well what you say and write. Because many people mean well, but formulate so badly that they actually achieve the opposite of their intention

    Pavlov himself said in 1928 that if you want to achieve in humans what he accomplished with dogs, then you have to work with hypnosis. Now it is not immediately the intention to put everyone in a hypnotic trance before you try to make a big change. Not only does that often take too much time, but it also stands out! Fortunately, there is also a broad definition of hypnosis and that definition is:

    Hypnosis is to convince people to participate in your script.

    Or to put it more business-wise: hypnosis is getting people to follow your reasonings. Almost all hypnosis is done with hypnotic language patterns. These language patterns are indispensable for formal hypnosis, but also work very well when you want to get people to follow your reasonings. If you want to make big changes in other people, the use of hypnotic language patterns is the only way to achieve that to the greatest extent possible.

    That is why we organize a webinar Top 3 Most Influential Language Patterns every month. The top 3 most influential language patterns are:

    1. The iCoomand.
    2. Presuppositions.
    3. Cause / effect reasoning.

    When you register for the free webinar Top 3 Most Influential Language Patterns, you start to learn straight away as you get a link to our free video on presuppositions. Still, it’s important to join the Top 3 Most Influential Language Patterns webinar. Because the majority of our brains use language patterns completely unconsciously. That means that your unconscious mind needs to be trained to use these language patterns automatically. There are only a handful of trainers who can do this and Joost van der Leij is one of them. A webinar does not have the same impact as participating in a live training, but it works a lot better than reading from a book. So for that reason join the webinar Top 3 Most Influential Language Patterns and register with the form below: